Werner Herzog's New Novel, The Twilight World, Tells the Story of the WWII Japanese Soldier Who Famously Refused to Give up
As everybody is aware of, Japan conceded defeat within the Second World Battle on August 15, 1945. However as many additionally know, sure particular person Japanese troopers refused to give up, every persevering with to combat the battle for many years in his personal means. Essentially the most well-known was Lieutenant Onoda Hiroo, who hid out within the Philippines mounting guerrilla assaults — at first with a number of fellow troopers, and at last alone — till 1974. Onoda turned a celeb upon retuning to his homeland, and his admirers weren’t solely Japanese. In Tokyo to direct an opera in 1997, Werner Herzog requested an introduction to at least one man solely: the soldier who’d fought the battle for 30 years.
Now Onoda has turn out to be the topic of certainly one of Herzog’s newest initiatives: not a movie, however a novel referred to as The Twilight World. In his native German (introduced into English by translator-critic Michael Hofmann), Herzog has written of not simply his personal assembly with Onoda however narrated Onoda’s personal lengthy expertise within the Philippines.
“Onoda’s battle is of no that means for the cosmos, for historical past, for the course of the battle,” goes one passage quoted by A. O. Scott in The Atlantic. “Onoda’s battle is shaped from the union of an imaginary nothing and a dream, however Onoda’s battle, sired by nothing, is nonetheless overwhelming, an occasion extorted from eternity.”
One thinks of the protagonists of Herzog’s movies, each imagined and actual: the steamship-dragging rubber baron Brian Sweeney Fitzgerald, the downed Navy pilot Dieter Dengler, the deluded conquistador Lope de Aguirre, the ill-fated wildlife activist Timothy Treadwell. In Onoda’s case as effectively, Scott writes, “Herzog declines to deal with him as a joke. He's clearly fascinated by the absurdity of this hero’s scenario, and likewise decided to defend the dignity of a person who had no selection however to persevere in an unattainable mission.” Anybody acquainted with Herzog’s profession, stuffed with harrowing encounters and unpredictable turns however clearly working by an iron logic all its personal, can think about why he noticed in Onoda a kindred spirit.
Eight years after his demise on the age of 91, Onoda stays a determine of common fascination, the topic of historical past movies considered by thousands and thousands in addition to final yr’s Onoda: 10,000 Nights of the Jungle, a characteristic by French director Arthur Harari. In fact, “the man who stays within the area lengthy after the battle is over is, to trendy eyes, a comical, cautionary determine, an avatar of patriotism carried to ridiculous extremes,” writes Scott. “We not often pause to search for motives aside from blind obedience, or to think about what these years of phantom fight within the wilderness should have felt like.” Maybe we twenty-first century Westerners merely lack the imaginative energy vital to take action — all of us, that, is besides Werner Herzog. You possibly can pre-order his novel, The Twilight World, now. It hits the cabinets subsequent week, on June 14th.
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Primarily based in Seoul, Colin Marshall writes and broadcasts on cities, language, and tradition. His initiatives embrace the Substack publication Books on Cities, the e-book The Stateless Metropolis: a Stroll by means of Twenty first-Century Los Angeles and the video collection The Metropolis in Cinema. Observe him on Twitter at @colinmarshall, on Fb, or on Instagram.